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Cadı Avı Witch-Hunts

On binlerce kişiyi öldüren olay: Cadı Avı
Bu haber 2020-11-21 12:20:18 eklenmiş ve 112 kez görüntülenmiştir.
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Witch-Hunts and Genocide (book review)

Review of Wolfgang Behringer, "Witches and Witch-Hunts: A Global History" (2004). This version published in Adam Jones, "The Scourge of Genocide: Essays and Reflections" (Routledge 2012). Originally published in Journal of Genocide Research, 8: 4 (2006).

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/336577977_Witch-Hunts_and_Genocide_book_review

 

 

On binlerce kişiyi öldüren olay: Cadı Avı

  1. Molatik
  2. Tarih
  3. On binlerce kişiyi öldüren olay: Cadı Avı

Avrupa’da bir dönem insan avıyla geçmişti. Adına Cadı Avı denilen bu dönemde ‘insanlar’ sevmedikleri, korktukları kişilere ‘cadı’ yaftası yapıştırıp, cinayetler işliyorlardı. Cadı Avı sırasında o kadar korkunç işler yapılıyordu ki vahşet adeta yanında solda sıfır kalıyordu. İşte karşınızda Cadı Avı.

On binlerce kişiyi öldüren olay: Cadı Avı

270 yıl sürdü
 

270 yıl s&uuml;rd&uuml;<br />
&nbsp;

Avrupa 1480 yılına girildiğinde Orta Çağ’dan kalma bir fikir dünyasını henüz atamamıştı. Bu fikir dünyası sadece Avrupa’da kalmamış yeni kıta Amerika’ya da sirayet etmeye başlamıştı.
 

Neden Cadı Avı başladı?
 

Neden Cadı Avı başladı?<br />
&nbsp;

Cadı Avı’nın başlamasını en büyük nedeni Kitabı Mukaddes’e dayandırılıyordu. Mısır’dan Çıkış 22. bölüm 18. ayet "Bir cadının yaşamasına müsamaha göstermeyeceksin." şeklindeki sözleri Cadı Avı’nın başlamasına neden oldu.
 

Kilise de işin içinde
 

Kilise de işin i&ccedil;inde<br />
&nbsp;

Avın başlamasını sağlayanların en büyük dayanağı kilise olmuştu. Kilisenin Engizisyon Mahkemeleri avı düzenleyenlere ön ayak oluyordu, onların arkalarını sağlama alıyordu. Hatta o kadar ileri gidiyorlardı ki kullanılan işkence aletleri kutsanıyordu.
 

 

‘Cadı’ kimlerdi?
 

&lsquo;Cadı&rsquo; kimlerdi?<br />
&nbsp;

Filmlerde siyah elbise giyen, uzun şapkalı, uzun burunlu, yaşlı, süpürgeli şekillere sokulmuştur cadılar. Ancak bu oldukça yanlış bir bilgidir. Cadı olmak için normal biri olmanız yeterlidir, bu özellikleri taşımaya gerek yoktu.
 

 

Çilli, kızıl saçlı, kürtaj yapan, komşuyla kavga ettikten sonra komşusunun başına kötü bir şey gelmesi, aşırı dindar, erken menopoza girmek, çirkin ve zayıf olmak, evinin üzerinde bulut olması/olmaması, ayinde esnemek (şeytanın içinden kaçmak için çabalaması) gibi nedenlerle cadı yaftası yiyebilirdiniz.
 

İşkence ediyorlardı
 

İşkence ediyorlardı<br />
&nbsp;

Cadı yaftası yediyseniz geçmiş olsun. Başınıza gelmeyenler kalmayacaktı. Artık siz bir ölüydünüz. Çünkü ne yapıp edip size ‘cadı’ olduğunuzu itiraf ettiriyorlardı. Tabii ki bunu yaparken hiç de nazik değillerdi. Türlü işkenceler ediliyordu.
 

Tecavüz ediyorlardı
 

Tecav&uuml;z ediyorlardı<br />
&nbsp;

Vücutları tıraş ediliyor. Kadının vücuduna bıçaklar ya da sivri bir şeyler batırılıyor, eğer hissiz bir bölgeye denk gelir de kanamazsa ya da her idamda para alan bu kişiler yaylı bir bıçak kullanırsa o kadın cadı ilan ediliyordu. Eğer kan yoksa demek ki o bölge şeytan tarafından yalanmıştır deniliyordu. Bu sırada bir kadının bakire olup olmadığı da kontrol ediyorlardı. Kadına tecavüz ederek yapıyorlardı bunu.
 

Başka işkenceler de vardı
 

Başka işkenceler de vardı<br />
&nbsp;

Sadece bunlarla kalmıyorlardı;

  • Su işkencesi: zorla ağzınıza huni ile su boşaltılır. Bu işlem sindirim organlarınız patlayıncaya kadar devam ediyor.
  • Metal tıkaç: ağza metal bir tıkaç takılıyor, bunu vida yardımıyla açıyorlar, o arada dişler kırılıyordu. Konuşacağınızı işaret edene kadar çeneyi birbirinden ayırmaya devam ediyorlardı.
  • Ayaklık: Demir mengene ile kan damarları çatlayıncaya kadar ayaklarınızı sıkıştırıp, kemiklerinizi kırıyorlardı.
  • Dört atla çekme: Eller ve ayaklar dört ata bağlanıyor ve bu dört at farklı dört yöne doğru gidiyordu.
  • Çarklarda gererek öldürme
  • Diri diri yakmak

Ne zaman son buldu?
 

Ne zaman son buldu?<br />
&nbsp;

1480 yılında başlayan bu korkunç dönem 1750 yılına kadar devam etti. 40 ila 60 bin arasında insanın ölümüne neden oldu. Bu insanların çoğunluğu kadındı. Kadınların büyük çoğunlukta olmasının nedeni ‘Havva’nın cenneteyken yasaklı elmayı yemeye teşvik etmesiydi’.
 

 

Cadılık ilk olarak İngiltere'de 1736 tarihinde suç olmaktan çıkarıldı. Cadılık Kanununda yapılan değişiklikle -cadı olmak yerine- cadı olduğunu iddia etmek; büyü yapabildiğini, kayıp eşyaları bulacağını vs. iddia etmek suç haline getirildi. Bunu diğer Avrupa devletleri takip etti. Günümüzde cadı avlarına halen Sahra altı Afrika toplumlarında, Hindistan'da ve Papua Yeni Gine'de rastlanır.

selcuk.bulut@milliyet.com.tr 

Selçuk Bulut

https://www.milliyet.com.tr/on-binlerce-kisiyi-olduren-olay-cadi-avi-molatik-14695/

 

Top 10 books about witch-hunts | Fiction | The Guardian

theguardian.com

Witch-Hunts and the Birth of Capitalism: Reflections on Caliban and the  Witch - Progress in Political Economy (PPE)

Witch-Hunts and the Birth of Capitalism: Reflections on Caliban and the Witch - Progress in Political Economy (PPE)

ppesydney.net

Why Europe was overrun by witch hunts in early modern history — Quartz

Why Europe was overrun by witch hunts in early modern history — Quartz

qz.com

A royal obsession with black magic started Europe's most brutal witch hunts  | National Geographic

A royal obsession with black magic started Europe's most brutal witch hunts | National Geographic

nationalgeographic.co.uk

Why Did Witch Hunts Go Viral? - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus

Why Did Witch Hunts Go Viral? - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus

nautil.us

Witches: James I and the English Witch Hunts – review | History books | The  Guardian

Witches: James I and the English Witch Hunts – review | History books | The Guardian

theguardian.com

These Accounts of European Witch Hunts Reveal Deadly Origins You Weren't  Expecting

These Accounts of European Witch Hunts Reveal Deadly Origins You Weren't Expecting

historycollection.com

The Last Witch Hunter: why modern visions of witches don't conjure up  reality

The Last Witch Hunter: why modern visions of witches don't conjure up reality

theconversation.com

This Is Not a Witch Hunt | Boston Review

This Is Not a Witch Hunt | Boston Review

bostonreview.net

How Medieval Churches Used Witch Hunts to Gain More Followers - HISTORY

How Medieval Churches Used Witch Hunts to Gain More Followers - HISTORY

history.com

These Accounts of European Witch Hunts Reveal Deadly Origins You Weren't  Expecting

These Accounts of European Witch Hunts Reveal Deadly Origins You Weren't Expecting

historycollection.com

Witch-hunts: How superstition killed innocents | Free Malaysia Today

Witch-hunts: How superstition killed innocents | Free Malaysia Today

freemalaysiatoday.com

Examining Modern-Day Witch Hunts - Ms. Magazine

Examining Modern-Day Witch Hunts - Ms. Magazine

msmagazine.com

Magic and Hysteria: The History of Witch Hunts Through the Ages - MagellanTV

Magic and Hysteria: The History of Witch Hunts Through the Ages - MagellanTV

magellantv.com

Witch Hunt - Lessons - Tes Teach

Witch Hunt - Lessons - Tes Teach

tes.com

HIST 306: The Witch Hunts in Europe - Cal Poly Magazine

HIST 306: The Witch Hunts in Europe - Cal Poly Magazine

magazine.calpoly.edu

Reading history: the witch hunt and the profit motive | Notes on The  Cultured Life

Reading history: the witch hunt and the profit motive | Notes on The Cultured Life

humidfruit.wordpress.com

Witch-hunt - Wikipedia

Witch-hunt - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org

Witchcraft - The witch hunts | Britannica

Witchcraft - The witch hunts | Britannica

britannica.com

Witch-hunt - Wikipedia

Witch-hunt - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org

Where Witch Hunts Began | JSTOR Daily

Where Witch Hunts Began | JSTOR Daily

daily.jstor.org

Witch hunts, not just a thing of the past | Culture| Arts, music and  lifestyle reporting from Germany | DW | 10.08.2020

Witch hunts, not just a thing of the past | Culture| Arts, music and lifestyle reporting from Germany | DW | 10.08.2020

dw.com

The Single Greatest Witch Hunt in American History, for Real | The New  Yorker

The Single Greatest Witch Hunt in American History, for Real | The New Yorker

newyorker.com

This Halloween, remember witch hunts were created by a patriarchy terrified  of older women

This Halloween, remember witch hunts were created by a patriarchy terrified of older women

nbcnews.com

What Were The Witch Hunts? | All About History

What Were The Witch Hunts? | All About History

historyanswers.co.uk

Toil and trouble - Religious competition was to blame for Europe's witch  hunts | Free exchange | The Economist

Toil and trouble - Religious competition was to blame for Europe's witch hunts | Free exchange | The Economist

economist.com

The Salem Witchhunts: A History of Witches, Trials, and Witch Hunts!

The Salem Witchhunts: A History of Witches, Trials, and Witch Hunts!

pinterest.es

Most witches are women, because witch hunts were all about persecuting the  powerless

Most witches are women, because witch hunts were all about persecuting the powerless

theconversation.com

Witches, witch-hunting and women : New Frame

Witches, witch-hunting and women : New Frame

newframe.com

Gender and the Witch Hunts – The Icelandic Magic Company

Gender and the Witch Hunts – The Icelandic Magic Company

icelandicmagic.com

History of Thought: Witchcraft and Witch-hunts - YouTube

History of Thought: Witchcraft and Witch-hunts - YouTube

youtube.com

Social media witch-hunts are no different to the old kind – just bigger |  Social media | The Guardian

Social media witch-hunts are no different to the old kind – just bigger | Social media | The Guardian

theguardian.com

New England's Other Witch Hunt « Office of the State Historian of  Connecticut

New England's Other Witch Hunt « Office of the State Historian of Connecticut

cthistory.org

Guwahati Bytes: To Hunt Witch Hunters - Sentinelassam

Guwahati Bytes: To Hunt Witch Hunters - Sentinelassam

sentinelassam.com

Explore Scotland's Witch Hunts With This Interactive Map | Mental Floss

Explore Scotland's Witch Hunts With This Interactive Map | Mental Floss

mentalfloss.com

The Mysterious Slave Who Sparked Salem's Witch Hunt - HISTORY

The Mysterious Slave Who Sparked Salem's Witch Hunt - HISTORY

history.com

Witch hunts, not just a thing of the past | Culture| Arts, music and  lifestyle reporting from Germany | DW | 10.08.2020

Witch hunts, not just a thing of the past | Culture| Arts, music and lifestyle reporting from Germany | DW | 10.08.2020

dw.com

Witch-hunt | Harry Potter Wiki | Fandom

Witch-hunt | Harry Potter Wiki | Fandom

harrypotter.fandom.com

The horror of the witch hunts remains ever-present in modern culture

The horror of the witch hunts remains ever-present in modern culture

feministcurrent.com

What witch-hunters can teach us about today's world

What witch-hunters can teach us about today's world

theconversation.com

Holy Horrors: Witch-Hunts

Holy Horrors: Witch-Hunts

churchandstate.org.uk

witch-hunt - definition, etymology and usage, examples and related words

witch-hunt - definition, etymology and usage, examples and related words

finedictionary.com

THE 'WITCH CRAZE' OF 16th & 17th CENTURY EUROPE: Economists uncover  religious competition as driving force of witch hunts | The Long Run

THE 'WITCH CRAZE' OF 16th & 17th CENTURY EUROPE: Economists uncover religious competition as driving force of witch hunts | The Long Run

ehsthelongrun.net

The Great Witch Hunt and the Catholic Connection: Should Women Be Worried?  — Women Raised Catholic

The Great Witch Hunt and the Catholic Connection: Should Women Be Worried? — Women Raised Catholic

womenraisedcatholic.com

Witch hunts: A global problem in the 21st century | Africa | DW | 10.08.2020

Witch hunts: A global problem in the 21st century | Africa | DW | 10.08.2020

dw.com

Everything You Need to Know About Scotland's Historic Witch Hunts

Everything You Need to Know About Scotland's Historic Witch Hunts

theculturetrip.com

Aftrica's Modern Day Witch Hunt

Aftrica's Modern Day Witch Hunt

newsweek.com

Trump ridiculously claims impeachment is worse than Salem witch trials - Vox

Trump ridiculously claims impeachment is worse than Salem witch trials - Vox

vox.com

Opinion | What a Witch Hunt Really Looks Like - The New York Times

Opinion | What a Witch Hunt Really Looks Like - The New York Times

nytimes.com

A Timeline of Witch Hunts in Europe

A Timeline of Witch Hunts in Europe

thoughtco.com

The European Witch Hunts – Familiar Territory

The European Witch Hunts – Familiar Territory

familiarterritory.us

Witchcraft - The witch hunts | Britannica

Witchcraft - The witch hunts | Britannica

britannica.com

The witch hunts

The witch hunts

thereader.com

The European Witch Hunts

The European Witch Hunts

jw.org

How Cold Weather May Cause Witch Hunts - KnowledgeNuts

How Cold Weather May Cause Witch Hunts - KnowledgeNuts

knowledgenuts.com

How Medieval Churches Used Witch Hunts to Gain More Followers |  LibertyVoter.Org

How Medieval Churches Used Witch Hunts to Gain More Followers | LibertyVoter.Org

libertyvoter.org

Witchcraze: A New History of the European Witch Hunts: Barstow, Anne L.:  9780062510365: Amazon.com: Books

Witchcraze: A New History of the European Witch Hunts: Barstow, Anne L.: 9780062510365: Amazon.com: Books

amazon.com

The Great Witch-Hunt in Europe · Caliban and the Witch

The Great Witch-Hunt in Europe · Caliban and the Witch

anarchivists.gitbooks.io

Witch-hunts and the transition to capitalism?

Witch-hunts and the transition to capitalism?

libcom.org

Witches and Witch-Hunts: A Global History: Behringer, Wolfgang:  9780745627182: Amazon.com: Books

Witches and Witch-Hunts: A Global History: Behringer, Wolfgang: 9780745627182: Amazon.com: Books

amazon.com

You think this is a witch hunt, Mr President? That's an insult to the women  who suffered

You think this is a witch hunt, Mr President? That's an insult to the women who suffered

theconversation.com

The Fight Against Witchcraft: Witchhunts in Early Modern Europe | by  Mustafa Acun | Medium

The Fight Against Witchcraft: Witchhunts in Early Modern Europe | by Mustafa Acun | Medium

medium.com

BBC - The horrors of the 17th Century witch hunts

BBC - The horrors of the 17th Century witch hunts

news.bbc.co.uk

Witch Hunt: The Persecution of Witches in England: Pickering, David,  Pickering, Andrew: 9781445608617: Amazon.com: Books

Witch Hunt: The Persecution of Witches in England: Pickering, David, Pickering, Andrew: 9781445608617: Amazon.com: Books

amazon.com

HIST*3140 Witch-Hunts and Popular Culture | Open Learning and Educational  Support

HIST*3140 Witch-Hunts and Popular Culture | Open Learning and Educational Support

courses.opened.uoguelph.ca

Silvia Federici: The Witch Hunts & The Transition To Capitalism - YouTube

Silvia Federici: The Witch Hunts & The Transition To Capitalism - YouTube

youtube.com

World Mythtory: Medieval Witch Hunts

World Mythtory: Medieval Witch Hunts

worldmythtory.blogspot.com

American Witch Hunts

American Witch Hunts

thedailybeast.com

How the Germans went crazy for witch hunts - The Local

How the Germans went crazy for witch hunts - The Local

thelocal.de

Witch Hunts in Connecticut | Zip06.com

Witch Hunts in Connecticut | Zip06.com

zip06.com

The history of witch hunts in America and Europe - The Washington Post

The history of witch hunts in America and Europe - The Washington Post

washingtonpost.com

The Day | Coronavirus witch-hunt sets Europe ablaze

The Day | Coronavirus witch-hunt sets Europe ablaze

theday.co.uk

Victims of Tudor England witch hunts? | Witch history, Witch art, Medieval  art

Victims of Tudor England witch hunts? | Witch history, Witch art, Medieval art

pinterest.com

Most Witches Are Women, Because Witch Hunts Were All About Persecuting the  Powerless

Most Witches Are Women, Because Witch Hunts Were All About Persecuting the Powerless

snopes.com

Witch Hunts Can Still End With Murder Across India. Law Can Help!

Witch Hunts Can Still End With Murder Across India. Law Can Help!

thebetterindia.com

Shakespeare's Macbeth and King James's witch hunts - HistoryExtra

Shakespeare's Macbeth and King James's witch hunts - HistoryExtra

historyextra.com

Global Journalist: India's Witch Hunts | KBIA

Global Journalist: India's Witch Hunts | KBIA

kbia.org

Top 10 Most Brutal Witch Hunts in History - YouTube

Top 10 Most Brutal Witch Hunts in History - YouTube

youtube.com

Danish museum brings witch hunts to life - Art & Culture - The Jakarta Post

Danish museum brings witch hunts to life - Art & Culture - The Jakarta Post

thejakartapost.com

The Inquisition and Witch Hunts

The Inquisition and Witch Hunts

churchandstate.org.uk

The haunting, and persistent, power of witch hunts - Hartford Courant

The haunting, and persistent, power of witch hunts - Hartford Courant

courant.com

Witch hunts, not just a thing of the past | Culture| Arts, music and  lifestyle reporting from Germany | DW | 10.08.2020

Witch hunts, not just a thing of the past | Culture| Arts, music and lifestyle reporting from Germany | DW | 10.08.2020

dw.com

Witches in Virginia - Colonial Ghosts

Witches in Virginia - Colonial Ghosts

colonialghosts.com

Most witches are women…because witch hunts were all about persecuting the  powerless | BusinessMirror

Most witches are women…because witch hunts were all about persecuting the powerless | BusinessMirror

businessmirror.com.ph

Witch trials in the early modern period - Wikipedia

Witch trials in the early modern period - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org

Witch-hunt - Wikiwand

Witch-hunt - Wikiwand

wikiwand.com

Witch Hunts - The Crucible (Period 3)

Witch Hunts - The Crucible (Period 3)

sites.google.com

Scotiafile: The infamous witch hunts of 16th & 17th century Scotland

Scotiafile: The infamous witch hunts of 16th & 17th century Scotland

scotiafile.blogspot.com

witch-hunt and gender: when women are executed like men – purple motes

witch-hunt and gender: when women are executed like men – purple motes

purplemotes.net

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