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Medical Abbreviation List

Medical Abbreviation List
Bu haber 2016-07-14 16:08:16 eklenmiş ve 2133 kez görüntülenmiştir.
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Medical Abbreviation List

 

Medical Abbreviation List

General Terms

  • AA - amino acid
  • ABG - arterial blood gas
  • ADM - admission, admitted
  • ASAP - as soon as possible
  • ALS - advanced life support
  • AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association
  • ASAP - as soon as possible
  • A&W - alive and well
  • C - centigrade, celsius
  • CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy
  • C/O - complains of
  • CO2 - carbon dioxide
  • D/C - discontinue or discharge
  • DNR - do not resuscitate
  • DO - disorder
  • DOA - dead on arrival  or date of admission
  • DOB - date of birth
  • DOT - directly observed therapy
  • DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders
  • EDC - estimated date of confinement
  • EDD - estimated delivery date
  • EGA - estimated gestational age
  • ER - emergency room
  • F - fahrenheit
  • FNF - finger to nose
  • H&P - history and physical examination
  • HPI - history of present illness
  • H/O - history of
  • HR - heart rate or hour
  • HS - hour of sleep (bedtime)
  • ICU - intensive care unit
  • ID - infectious diseases
  • IP - inpatient
  • IQ - intelligence quotient
  • IU - international units
  • MCO - managed care organization
  • MG - milligram
  • MVA - motor vehicle accident
  • ML - milliliter
  • NKDA - no known drug allergies
  • NTG - nitroglycerin
  • O2 - oxygen
  • OPD - outpatient department
  • P - pulse
  • Post-op - postoperative (after surgery)
  • Pre-op - preoperative (before surgery)
  • PA or PT - patient
  • PCP - primary care physician
  • RBC - red blood cell
  • RF - risk factor
  • S - without
  • SX - symptoms
  • S/S - signs and symptoms
  • STAT - immediately
  • T - temperature
  • TPR - temperature, pulse, respiration
  • USOH - usual state of health
  • VS - vital signs
  • VSS - vital signs stable
  • WB - whole blood
  • WBC - white blood cell
  • WNL - within normal limits

Prescription

  • ABX - antibiotics
  • AC - before meals
  • Ad lib - at will, as desired
  • BID - bis in dies (twice a day)
  • CAP - capsule
  • GTT - drop-liquid measurement
  • i - 1
  • ii - 2
  • iii - 3
  • iv - 4
  • v - 5
  • MDD - maximum daily dose
  • NPO - nothing by mouth
  • OCP - oral contraceptive pill
  • OPV - oral polio vaccine
  • OTC - over the counter
  • PC - after meals
  • PCN - penicillin
  • PNV - pre-natal vitamins
  • PO - per os (by mouth)
  • PRN - as needed
  • q2h - every 2 hours
  • q3h - every 3 hours
  • qam - every morning
  • qd - once a day
  • qh - once every hour
  • qhs - at bedtime
  • qid - four times a day
  • qod - every other day
  • qpm - every evening
  • RDI - recommended daily intake
  • Rx - prescription, treatment
  • SC/SQ - subcutaneous
  • TAB - tablet
  • TIW - three times a week

Care

  • AXR - abdominal x-ray
  • BAL - blood alcohol level
  • BC - birth control
  • BE - barium enema
  • BMT - bone marrow transplant
  • Bx - biopsy
  • BRP - bathroom privileges
  • CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • CXR - chest x-ray
  • ECC - emergency cardiac care
  • ECG or EKG - electrocardiogram
  • ECMO - extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • ECT - electroconvulsive therapy
  • ECV - external cephalic version
  • FB - foreign body
  • FNA - fine needle aspiration
  • FOBT - fecal occult blood testing
  • GLT - glucose loading test
  • GTT - glucose tolerance test
  • hs - hour of sleep (bedtime)
  • H20 - water
  • I&D - incision and drainage
  • IM - intramuscular
  • I&O - intake and output
  • IV - intravenous
  • IUPC - intrauterine pressure catheter
  • In vitro - in the laboratory
  • In vivo - in the body
  • KUB - kidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray)
  • O GTT - oral glucose tolerance test
  • PAP - pulmonary artery pressure
  • PEEP - positive end expiratory pressure
  • PT - physical therapy
  • Rx - treatment
  • T&C - type and cross (blood)
  • TPA - tissue plasminogen activator (dissolve clots), total parenteral alimentation (intravenous nutritional needs)
  • UA - urinalysis
  • US - ultrasound
  • XRT - external radiation therapy

Diagnosis or Condition

  • ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • AF - acid-fast
  • AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • A&O - alert and oriented
  • AOB - alcohol on breath
  • ARDS - adult respiratory distress syndrome
  • ARF - acute renal failure, acute rheumatic fever
  • BAD - bipolar affective disorder
  • BM - bowel movement
  • BP - blood pressure
  • CA - cancer
  • CAB - carotid artery bruit
  • CABG - coronary artery bypass graft
  • CAD - coronary artery disease
  • CBC - complete blood count
  • CF - cystic fibrosis
  • C/F - chills, fever
  • CFT - complement fixation testing
  • CHD - congenital heart disease
  • CHF - congestive heart failure
  • COLD - chronic obstructive lung disease
  • COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • CP - chest pain
  • CP - cerebral palsy
  • C/S - cesarean section
  • CV - cardiovascular
  • CVA - cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
  • CXR - chest x-ray
  • DTR - deep tendon reflex
  • DVT - deep venous thrombosis
  • Dx - diagnosis
  • EBL - estimated blood loss
  • EBV - Epstein-Barr virus
  • EC - eye contact
  • ECASA - enteric coated acetylsalicylic acid
  • EGC - early gastric cancer
  • FAS - fetal alcohol syndrome
  • FB - foreign body
  • F/C - fever, chills
  • FEF - forced expiratory flow
  • FHR - fetal heart rate
  • FM - fetal movement
  • FRC - functional residual capacity
  • FSE - fetal scalp electrode
  • FSH - follicle stimulating hormone
  • FT - full term
  • FX - fracture
  • GA - gestational age
  • GH - growth hormone
  • GHRH - growth hormone releasing hormone
  • GI - gastrointestinal 
  • GLT - glucose loading test
  • GSW - gunshot wound
  • GTT - glucose tolerance test
  • GU - genitourinary
  • HA - headache
  • HA - hemolytic anemia
  • HAV - hepatitis A virus
  • HBV - hepatitis B virus
  • Hb - hemoglobin
  • HCV - hepatitis C virus
  • HDL - high density lipoprotein
  • HDV - hepatitis D virus
  • HIV - human immunodeficiency virus
  • HPA - hypothalamic suppression test
  • HR - heart rate
  • HTN - hypertension
  • IBD - inflammatory bowel disease
  • IBS - inflammatory bowel syndrome
  • ICP - intracranial pressure
  • IDDM - insulin dependent diabeter mellitus
  • IPF - idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  • IUI - intrauterine insemination
  • IUP - intrauterine pregnancy
  • IVF - in vitro fertilization
  • IVIG - intravenous immune globulin
  • IVP - intravenous push
  • JCV - JC virus
  • JRA - juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • JVD - jugular venous distension
  • KS - Kaposi sarcoma
  • LAD - leukocyte adhesion deficiency
  • LBP - lower back pain
  • LBW - low birth weight
  • LIH - left inguinal hernia
  • LOF - loss of fluid
  • MD - muscular dystrophy
  • MR - mental retardation
  • MS - multiple sclerosis
  • NAD - no acute distress
  • Nat/O - birth
  • NIDDM - non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  • NM - neuromuscular
  • N/V - nausea vomiting
  • NVD - normal vaginal delivery
  • OCD - obsessive compulsive disorder
  • ON - optic neuritis
  • OSA - obstructive sleep apnea
  • PD - Parkinson's disease
  • PE - pulmonary embolism
  • PKD - polycystic kidney disease
  • PID - pelvic inflammatory disease
  • PIH - pregnancy induced hypertension
  • PMS - premenstrual syndrom
  • PTSD - post-tramatic stress disorder
  • RA - rheumatoid arthritis
  • RAD - reactive airway disease
  • RDS - respiratory distress syndrome
  • REM - rapid eye movements
  • RHD - rheumatic heart disease
  • RXN - reaction
  • SAB - spontaneous abortion
  • SBO - small bowel obstruction
  • SBS - shaken baby syndrome
  • SOB - shortness of breath
  • STD - sexually transmitted disease
  • TAH - total abdominal hysterectomy
  • TB - tuberculosis
  • TBI - traumatic brain injury
  • TGA - transient global amnesia
  • UC - ulcerative colitis
  • UO - urine output
  • URI - upper respiratory infection
  • UTI - urinary tract infection
  • VB - vaginal bleeding
  • VBAC - vaginal birth after caesarean section
  • VF - ventricular fibrillation
  • VH - vaginal hysterectomy, hallucination
  • VIP - voluntary interruption of pregnancy

Body Description

  • ABD - abdomen
  • AD - right ear
  • AL - left ear
  • AU - both ears
  • BMD - bone mass density
  • BMI - body mass index
  • BMR - basic metabolic rate
  • CBD - common bile duct
  • CBF - cerebral blood flow
  • FL - femur length
  • FROM - free range of motion
  • HC - head circumference
  • IBW - ideal body weight
  • LLL - left lower lobe
  • LLQ - left lower quadrant
  • LUL - left upper lobe
  • LUQ - left upper quadrant
  • LV - left ventricle
  • OD - right eye
  • OS - left eye
  • OU - both eyes
  • PNS - peripheral nervous system
  • RA - right atrium
  • RUL - right upper lobe
  • RUQ - right upper quadrant
  • RV - right ventrical, residual volume
  • TLC - total lung capacity
  • UE - upper extremity
  • WT - weight

 

If you have any doubts about the meaning of a medical abbreviation, it is always advisable to consult with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist or other medical professional. Only those within the medical field can truly decipher all of the different prescription abbreviations that show up within the industry.


Read more at http://abbreviations.yourdictionary.com/articles/medical-abbrev.html#kLcl23LwWPkxAOkb.99

 

1.1. Alphabetical Listing of Medical Abbreviations

 

This alphabetical listing of medical abbreviations is intended to help you better understand commonly used abbreviations and acronyms in your medical records or used by medical staff as they speak to you, or around you.  We hope that you find it helpful.

A

AAA – abdominal aortic aneurysm
A-a gradient – alveolar to arterial gradient
AAS – acute abdominal series
ABD – abdomen
ABG – arterial blood gas
AC – before eating
ACLS – advanced cardiac life support
ACTH – adrenocorticotropic hormone
AD – autonomic dysreflexia
ad lib – as much as needed
ADH – anti-diuretic hormone
ADL – activity of daily living
AF – atrial fibrillation or afebrile
AFB – acid-fast bacilli
AFP – alpha-fetoprotein
AFO – ankle foot orthosis
A/G – albumin/globulin ratio
AI – aortic insufficiency
AKA – above the knee amputation
ALL – acute lymphocytic leukemia
ALS – amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
amb – ambulate
AML – acute myelogenous leukemia
ANA – antinuclear antibody
AOB – alcohol on breath
AODM – adult onset diabetes mellitus
AP – anteroposterior or abdominal – perineal
ARDS – acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARF – acute renal failure
AS – aortic stenosis
ASAP – as soon as possible
ASCVD – atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASD – atrial septal defect
ASHD – atherosclerotic heart disease
ASIA – American Spinal Injury Association
AV – atrioventricular
A-V – arteriovenous
A-VO2 – arteriovenous oxygen

B

BBB – bundle branch block
BC – bowel care
BCAA – branched chain amino acids
BE – barium enema
BEE – basal energy expenditure
bid – twice a day
bilat – bilateral
BKA – below the knee amputation
BM – bone marrow or bowel movement
BMR – basal metabolic rate
BOM – bilateral otitis media
BP – blood pressure
BPH – benign prostatic hypertrophy
BPM – beats per minute
BRBPR – bright red blood per rectum
BRP – bathroom privileges
BS – bowel or breath sounds
BUN – blood urea nitrogen
BW – body weight
BX – biopsy

C

c – with
C&S – culture and sensitivity
CA – cancer
Ca – calcium
CAA – crystalline amino acids
CABG – coronary artery bypass graft
CAD – coronary artery disease
CAT – computerized axial tomography
CBC – complete blood count
CBG – capillary blood gas
CC – chief complaint
CCU – clean catch urine or cardiac care unit
CCV – critical closing volume
CF – cystic fibrosis
CGL – chronic granulocytic leukemia
CHF – congestive heart failure
CHO – carbohydrate
CI – cardiac index
CML – chronic myelogenous leukemia
CMV – cytomegalovirus
CN – cranial nerves
CNS – central nervous system
CO – cardiac output
C/O – complaining of
COLD – chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP – chest pain or cerebral palsy
CPAP – continuous positive airway pressure
CPK – creatinine phosphokinase
CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRCL – creatinine clearance
CRF – chronic renal failure
CRP – C-reactive protein
CRTS – certified recreational therapy specialist
CSF – cerebrospinal fluid
CSW – certified social worker
CT – computerized tomography
CVA – cerebrovascular accident or costovertebral angle
CVAT – CVA tenderness
CVP – central venous pressure
CXR – chest X-ray

D

DAT – diet as tolerated
DAW – dispense as written
DC – discontinue or discharge
D&C – dilation and curettage
DDx – differential diagnosis
D5W – 5% dextrose in water
DI – diabetes insipidus
DIC – disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DIP – distal interphalangeal joint
DJD – degenerative joint disease
DKA – diabetic ketoacidosis
dL – deciliter
DM – diabetes mellitus
DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid
DNR – do not resuscitate
DOA – dead on arrival
DOE – dyspnea on exertion
DPL – diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPT – diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
DTR – deep tendon reflexes
DVT – deep venous thrombosis
DX – diagnosis


E

EAA – essential amino acids
EBL – estimated blood loss
ECD – external continence device
ECG – electrocardiogram
ECT – electroconvulsive therapy
ED – erectile dysfunction
EFAD – essential fatty acid deficiency
EMG – Electromyogram
EMV – eyes, motor, verbal response (Glasgow coma scale)
ENT – ears, nose, and throat
EOM – extraocular muscles
ESR – erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ET – endotracheal
ETT – endotracheal tube
ERCP – endoscopic retrograde cholangio -pancreatography
ETOH – ethanol
EUA – examination under anesthesia

F

FBS – fasting blood sugar
FES – functional electrical stimulation
FEV – forced expiratory volume
FFP – fresh frozen plasma
FRC – functional residual capacity
FTT – failure to thrive
FU – follow-up
FUO – fever of unknown origin
FVC – forced vital capacity
Fx – fracture

G

GC – gonorrhea
GETT – general by endotracheal tube
GFR – glomerular filtration rate
GI – gastrointestinal
gr – grain; 1 grain = 65mg
GSW – gun shot wound
gt or gtt – drops
GTT – glucose tolerance test
GU – genitourinary
GXT – graded exercise tolerance (Stress test)

H

HA – headache
HAA – hepatitis B surface antigen
HAV – hepatitis A virus
HBP – high blood pressure
HCG – human chorionic gonadotropin
HCT – hematocrit
HDL – high density lipoprotein
HEENT – head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
Hgb – hemoglobin
H/H – Henderson-Hasselbach equation or hemoglobin/ hematocrit
HIV – human immunodeficiency virus
HLA – histocompatibility locus antigen
HJR – hepatojugular reflex
HO – history of
HOB – head of bed
HPF – high power field
HPI – history of present illness
HR – heart rate
HS – at bedtime
HSM – hepatosplenomegaly
HTLV-III – human lymphotropic virus, type III (AIDS agent, HIV)
HSV – herpes simplex virus
HTN – hypertension
Hx – history

I

I&D – incision and drainage
I&O – intake and output
ICS – intercostal space
ICU – intensive care unit
ID – infectious disease or identification
IDDM – insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IG – immunoglobulin
IHSS – idiopathic hypertropic subaortic stenosis
IM – intramuscular
IMV – intermittent mandatory ventilation
INF – intravenous nutritional fluid
IPPB – intermittent positive pressure breathing
IRBBB – incomplete right bundle branch block
IRDM – insulin resistant diabetes mellitus
IT – interthecal
ITP – idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IV – intravenous
IVC – intravenous cholangiogram or inferior vena cava
IVP – intravenous pyelogram

J

JODM – juvenile onset diabetes mellitus
JVD – jugular venous distention

K

KAFO – knee ankle foot orthosis
KOR – keep open rate
KT – kinesio therapy or kinesiotherapist
KUB – kidneys, ureters, bladder
KVO – keep vein open

L

L – left
LAD – left axis deviation or left anterior descending
LAE – left atrial enlargement
LAHB – left anterior hemiblock
LAP – left atrial pressure or leukocyte alkaline phosphatase
LBBB – left bundle branch block
LDH – lactate dehydrogenase
LDL – low density lipoprotein
LE – lupus erythematosus
LIH – left inguinal hernia
LLL – left lower lobe
LMP – last menstrual period
LNMP – last normal menstrual period
LOC – loss of consciousness or level of consciousness
LP – lumbar puncture
LPN – licensed practical nurse
LUL – left upper quadrant
LV – left ventricle
LVEDP – left ventricular end diastolic pressure
LVH – left ventricular hypertrophy


M

MAO – monoamine oxidase
MAP – mean arterial pressure
MAST – medical antishock trousers
MBT – maternal blood type
MCH – mean cell hemoglobin
MCHC – mean cell hemoglobin concentration
MCV – mean cell volume
MI – myocardial infarction or mitral insufficiency
mL – milliliter
MLE – midline episiotomy
MMEF – maximal mid expiratory flow
mmol – millimole
MMR – measles, mumps, rubella
MRI – magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA – methicillin resistant staph aureus
MS – multiple sclerosis or mitral stenosis, or morphine sulfate
MSSA – methicillin-sensitive staph aureus
MUSE – medicated urethral system erection
MVA – motor vehicle accident
MVI – multivitamin injection
MVV – maximum voluntary ventilation

N

NAD – no active disease
NAS – no added salt
NCV – nerve conduction velocity
NED – no evidence of recurrent disease
ng – nanogram
NG – nasogastric
NIDDM – non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA – no known allergies
NKDA – no known drug allergies
NMR – nuclear magnetic resonance
NPO – nothing by mouth
NRM – no regular medications
NSAID – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSR – normal sinus rhythm
NT – nasotracheal

O

OB – obstetrics
OCG – oral cholecystogram
OD – overdose or right eye
OM – otitis media
OOB – out of bed
OPV – oral polio vaccine
OR – operating room
OS – left eye
OT – occupational therapy or occupational therapist
OU – both eyes

P

P – para
PA – posteroanterior
PAC – premature atrial contraction
PAO2 – alveolar oxygen
PaO2 – peripheral arterial oxygen content
PAP – pulmonary artery pressure
PAT – paroxysymal atrial tachycardia
P&PD – percussion and postural drainage
PC – after eating
PCWP – pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PDA – patent ductus arteriosus
PDR – physicians desk reference
PE – pulmonary embolus, or physical exam or pleural effusion
PEEP – positive end expiratory pressure
PFT – pulmonary function tests
pg – picogram
PI – pulmonic insufficiency disease
PKU – phenylketonuria
PMH – previous medical history
PMI – point of maximal impulse
PMN – polymorphonuclear leukocyte (neutrophil)
PND – paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PO – by mouth
POD – post-op day
PP – postprandial or pulsus paradoxus
PPD – purified protein derivative
PPMS – primary progressive multiple sclerosis
PPS – post-polio syndrome
PR – by rectum
PRBC – packed red blood cells
PRN – as needed
PS – pulmonic stenosis
PSA – prostate-specific antigen
PT – prothrombin time, or physical therapy
Pt – patient
PTCA – percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH – parathyroid hormone
PTHC – percutanous transhepatic cholangiogram
PTSD – post-traumatic stress disorder
PTT – partial thromboplastin time
PUD – peptic ulcer disease
PVC – premature ventricular contraction
PVD – peripheral vascular disease
PVR – post voiding residual

Q

q – every
qd – every day
qh – every hour
q4h, q6h.... – every 4 hours, every 6 hours etc.
qid – four times a day
QNS – quantity not sufficient
qod – every other day
Qs/Qt – shunt fraction
Qt – total cardiac output

R

R – right
RA – rheumatoid arthritis or right atrium
RAD – right atrial axis deviation
RAE – right atrial enlargement
RAP – right atrial pressure
RBBB – right bundle branch block
RBC – red blood cell
RBP – retinol-binding protein
RDA – recommended daily allowance
RDW – red cell distribution width
RIA – radioimmunoassay
RIH – right inguinal hernia
RLL – right lower lobe
RLQ – right lower quadrant
RML – right middle lobe
RNA – ribonucleic acid
R/O – rule out
ROM – range of motion
ROS – review of systems
RPG – retrograde pyelogram
RPMS – relapsing-progressive multiple sclerosis
RRMS – relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
RRR – regular rate and rhyth
RT – respiratory or radiation therapy
RTA – renal tubular acidosis
RTC – return to clinic
RU – resin uptake
RUG – retrograde urethogram
RUL – right upper lobe
RUQ – right upper quadrant
RV – residual volume
RVH – right ventricular hyperthrophy
Rx – treatment

S

s – without
SA – sinoatrial
SAA – synthetic amino acid
S&E – sugar and acetone
SBE – subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBFT – small bowel follow through
SBS – short bowel syndrome
SCr – serum creatinine
SCI – spinal cord injury
SCI/D – spinal cord injury and disorder
SEM – systolic ejection murmur
SG – Swan-Ganz
SGA – small for gestational age
SGGT – serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
SGOT – serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT – serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase
SIADH – syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
sig – write on label
SIMV – synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation
sl – sublingual
SLE – systemic lupus erythematous
SMO – slips made out
SOAP – Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan
SOB – shortness of breath
SPMS – secondary preogressive multiple sclerosis
SQ – subcutaneous
ss – one-half
STAT – immediately
SVD – spontaneous vaginal delivery
SW – social worker
Sx – symptoms

T

T&C – type and cross
TAH – total abdominal hysterectomy
T&H – type and hold
TB – tuberculosis
TBG – total binding globulin
Td – tetanus-diphtheria toxoid
TIA – transient ischemic attack
TIBC – total iron binding capacity
tid – three times a day
TIG – tetanus immune globulin
TKO – to keep open
TLC – total lung capacity
TMJ – temporo mandibular joint
TNTC – too numerous to count
TO – telephone order
TOPV – trivalent oral polio vaccine
TPN – total parenteral nutrition
TSH – thyroid stimulating hormone
TT – thrombin time
TTP – thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TU – tuberculin units
TUR – transurethral resection
TURBT – TUR bladder tumors
TURP – transurethral resection of prostate
TV – tidal volume
TVH – total vaginal hysterectomy
tw – twice a week
Tx – treatment, transplant

U

UA – urinalysis
UAC – uric acid
ud – use as directed
UGI – upper gastrointestinal
URI – upper respiratory infection
US – ultrasound
UTI – urinary tract infection
UUN – urinary urea nitrogen

V

VC – vital capacity
VCUG – voiding cystourethrogram
VMA – vanillymadelic acid
VO – verbal or voice order
V/Q – ventilation – perfusion
VSS – vital signs stable

W

WB – whole blood
WBC – white blood cell or count
WD – well developed
WF – white female
WM – white male
WN – well nourished
WNL – within normal limits
WPW – Wolf-Parkinson-White

X

XRT – X-ray therapy

Y

yo – years old

Z

ZE – Zollinger-Ellison

http://www.spinalcord.org/resource-center/askus/index.php?pg=kb.page&id=1413

 

 

Dangerous medical abbreviations

Almost all abbreviations have multiple different expansions. More often than not, it it easy for a human to disambiguate the meaning of an abbreviations that has alternate expansions. For example, you can distinguish AKA ("above knee amputation") from AKA ("also known as"). The context of a sentence determines the meaning. 

However, there are many abbreviations that cannot easily be disambiguated, even by experts in a knowledge domain. These abbreviations sometimes arise from what I call "term-drift," wherein another, very similar term, with the same abbreviation, is mistakenly used, and where this misuse gains a foothold in medical culture.

Abbreviations that cannot always be disambiguated are particularly dangerous and are a potential source of medical errors. Here are some examples:

1. ABG aortic bifurcation graft, or aortobifemoral graft

2. AHA acquired hemolytic anemia, or autoimmune hemolytic anemia

3. ASCVD arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease, or arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease

4. CHD congenital heart disease, or congestive heart disease, or coronary heart disease

5. DOA date of admission, or dead on arrival

6. EDC estimated date of conception, or estimated date of confinement ("due date" means almost the opposite of "conception date")

7. HZO herpes zoster ophthalmicus, or herpes zoster oticus

8. IBD inflammatory bowel disease, or irritable bowel disease

9. LLL left lower lid, or left lower lip, or left lower lobe, or left lower lung

10. MCGN mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis or minimal change glomerulonephritis

11. MVR mitral valve regurgitation, or mitral valve repair, or mitral valve replacement

12. NC no change, or noncontributory

13. NKDA no known drug allergies, or nonketotic diabetic acidosis

14. PE pulmonary effusion, or pulmonary edema, or pulmonary embolectomy or pulmonary embolism

15. SK seborrheic keratosis, or solar keratosis

16. UVF ureterovaginal fistula, or urethrovaginal fistula



In June, 2014, my book, entitled Rare Diseases and Orphan Drugs: Keys to Understanding and Treating the Common Diseases was published by Elsevier. The book builds the argument that our best chance of curing the common diseases will come from studying and curing the rare diseases. 

http://julesberman.blogspot.com.tr/2008/02/dangerous-medical-abbreviations.html

Abbreviations Used by Physicians in Prescriptions, Medical Books and Journals

ss. {Semissis). Half.

iss (Sesqui). One and a half.

A. aa. (ana, utrlusque). Of each. Abdom. Abdomen.

Abs. Febr. {Absente febre). In the absence of fever.

Ad. or Add {Adde or Addator). Add, or let there be added.

Ad Lib. {Ad libitum). At pleasure.

Altern. Hor. {Alternis horis). Every other hour.

Aq. {Aqua). Water.

Aq. Bull. {Aqua Bulliens). Boiling Water.

Aq. Conm. {Aqua Communis). Common water.

Aq. Ferv. {Aqua /ervens). Hot water.

Aq. Font. {Aquafontis). Spring water.

B. A, {Balneum Arence). A sand bath. Bib. {Bibe). Drink.

Bis Ind. {Bis indies). Twice daily. Bol. {Bolus). A large pill. Bull. {Bulliat). Let it boil.

B. V. {Balneum vaporis). A vapor bath. Cap. (Capiat). Let him take.

Chart. {Chartula). A small paper. Cochl. {Cochleare). A spoonful. Col. {Cola). Strain. Collyr. {Collyrium). An eye water. Comp. {Compositus). Compound.

C. or Cong. {Congius). A gallon. Coq. {Coque). Boil.

Cort. {Cortex). Bark.

C. M. {Cras Mane). To-morrow morning.

C. N. {Cras Nocte). To-morrow night. Crast. (Crastinus). For to-morrow.

D. (Detur). Let it be given. Decub. (Dtcubitus). Lying down.

De D. in D. (De die in diem). From day to day.

Dig. (Digeratur). Let it be digested.

Dil. (Dilutus). Dilute.

Dim. (Dimidius). One-half.

Div. {Divide) Divide.

Enem. {Enema). A clyster.

Abbreviations, Etc. - Continued F. (Fiat). Let it be made. F. Pil. (Fiat pilula). Make into a pill. Feb. Dur. (Febre durante). During the fever. Fl. (Fluidus) Fluid. Gr. (Granmn). A grain. Gt. (Gutta). A drop. Gtt. (Guttoe). Drops. Guttat. (Guttatim). By drops. Hor. Decub. (Hora decubitus). At bedtime. Lb. and Lib. (Libra). A poundweight. Liq.Liquor. M. (Misce). Mix. Man. (Minipulus). A handful. Mic. Pan. (Mica Panis). Crumb of bread. Min. (Minimum). The sixtieth part of a drachm bymeasure. Mist. (Mistura). A mixture. Muc. (Mucilago). Mucilage.

0. (Octarius). A pint.

01. (Oleum).Oil.

Omn. Hor. (Omni hora). Every hour.

Omn. Man. (Omni Mane). Every morning.

Omn. Nocte. Every night.

Oz. (Uncia). An ounce.

P. M. (Partes Equates). Equal parts.

Pil. (Pilula). A pill.

P. R. N. (Pro re nata). As occasion may require,

Pulv. (Pulvis). A powder.

Q. S. (Quantum suflicit). As much as is sufficient.

Rad. (Radix). Root.

Rep. (Repetatur). Let it be repeated.

S. (Signa). Write.

S. A. (Secundum Artem). According to art.

Sem. (Semen). Seed.

Si Non Val. (Si non valeat). If it does not answer.

Si Op. Sit. (Si opus sit). If there be need.

Sig. (Sigulorum). Of each.

Solv. (Solve). Dissolve.

Sp. (Spiritus). Spirit.

Sum. (Sumat). Let him take.

Sp. Vin. (Spiritus vini). Spirit of wine.

Syr. (Syrupus). Syrup.

Tr. Tinet. (Tinctura). Tincture.

V. S. ( Vena sectio). Venesection.



Read more:http://chestofbooks.com/reference/Bepler-Handy-Manual-Of-Knowledge/Abbreviations-Used-by-Physicians-in-Prescriptions-Medical-B.html#ixzz4EOJcdnq0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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