Wolfram MathWorld

Bu haber 2015-10-09 16:16:25 eklenmiş ve 2169 kez görüntülenmiştir.
Reklam Alanı


Applied Mathematics
Calculus and Analysis
Discrete Mathematics
Foundations of Mathematics
History and Terminology
Number Theory
Probability and Statistics
Recreational Mathematics


 Algebraic Curves@  Field Theory (121)  Quadratic Forms (25)
 Algebraic Equations (23)  General Algebra (11)  Quaternions and Cliffo... (12)
 Algebraic Geometry (3)  Group Theory (10)  Rate Problems (11)
 Algebraic Identities (29)  Homological Algebra (139)  Ring Theory (135)
 Algebraic Invariants (8)  Linear Algebra (6)  Scalar Algebra (5)
 Algebraic Operations (3)  Named Algebras (3)  Sums (41)
 Algebraic Properties (4)  Noncommutative Algebra (9)  Valuation Theory (7)
 Coding Theory@  Number Theory@  Vector Algebra (116)
 Cyclotomy (10)  Polynomials (161)  Wavelets@
 Elliptic Curves@  Products (13)

Applied Mathematics

 Business (4)
 Complex Systems (2)
 Control Theory (12)
 Data Visualization (47)
 Dynamical Systems@
 Engineering (4)
 Ergodic Theory (18)
 Game Theory (65)
 Information Theory (34)
 Inverse Problems (1)
 Numerical Methods (7)
 Optimization (67)
 Population Dynamics (23)
 Signal Processing (14)


Calculus and Analysis

 Calculus (10)  Functions (153)  Metrics@
 Calculus of Variations (24)  General Analysis (24)  Norms (11)
 Catastrophe Theory (6)  General Calculus (9)  Operator Theory (41)
 Complex Analysis (8)  Generalized Functions (34)  Polynomials@
 Differential Equations (7)  Harmonic Analysis (1)  Roots (45)
 Differential Forms (34)  Inequalities (75)  Series (7)
 Differential Geometry (6)  Integral Transforms (5)  Singularities (15)
 Dynamical Systems (89)  Inversion Formulas (7)  Special Functions (32)
 Fixed Points (32)  Manifolds@
 Functional Analysis (205)  Measure Theory (94)

Discrete Mathematics

 Cellular Automata (43)
 Coding Theory (37)
 Combinatorics (13)
 Computational Systems (43)
 Computer Science (7)
 Division Problems (29)
 Experimental Mathematics (31)
 Finite Groups@
 General Discrete Mathematics (5)
 Graph Theory (19)
 Information Theory@
 Packing Problems@
 Point Lattices (51)
 Recurrence Equations (51)
 Umbral Calculus (35)



 Algebraic Geometry@  Ergodic Theory@  Plane Geometry (18)
 Combinatorial Geometry (18)  General Geometry (12)  Points (44)
 Computational Geometry (7)  Geometric Construction (44)  Projective Geometry (2)
 Continuity Principle (3)  Geometric Duality (6)  Rigidity (12)
 Coordinate Geometry (104)  Geometric Inequalities (10)  Sangaku Problems (15)
 Curves (5)  Inversive Geometry (51)  Solid Geometry (11)
 Differential Geometry@  Line Geometry (7)  Surfaces (9)
 Dissection@  Multidimensional Geometry (3)  Symmetry (9)
 Distance (18)  Noncommutative Geometry (1)  Transformations (5)
 Division Problems@  Non-Euclidean Geometry (20)  Trigonometry (7)

Number Theory

 Algebraic Number Theory (22)  Ergodic Theory@  p-adic Numbers (6)
 Arithmetic (6)  General Number Theory (8)  Rational Approximation (14)
 Automorphic Forms (2)  Generating Functions (7)  Rational Numbers (12)
 Binary Sequences (12)  Integer Relations (20)  Real Numbers (13)
 Class Numbers (9)  Integers (19)  Reciprocity Theorems (18)
 Congruences (65)  Irrational Numbers (16)  Rounding (19)
 Constants (20)  Normal Numbers (7)  Sequences (153)
 Continued Fractions (52)  Numbers (3)  Special Numbers (11)
 Diophantine Equations (98)  Number Theoretic Funct... (9)  Transcendental Numbers (26)
 Divisors (27)  Parity (7)
 Elliptic Curves (31)  Prime Numbers (11)


Probability and Statistics

 Bayesian Analysis (1)  Nonparametric Statistics (12)  Statistical Asymptotic... (5)
 Descriptive Statistics (69)  Probability (90)  Statistical Distributions (4)
 Error Analysis (19)  Random Numbers (37)  Statistical Indices (10)
 Estimators (23)  Random Walks (21)  Statistical Plots (22)
 Markov Processes (7)  Rank Statistics (12)  Statistical Tests (60)
 Moments (59)  Regression (30)  Time-Series Analysis (46)
 Multivariate Statistics (16)  Runs (5)  Trials (20)

Recreational Mathematics

 Cryptograms (8)
 Dissection (47)
 Folding (3)
 Games (4)
 Illusions (61)
 Magic Figures (7)
 Mathematical Art (5)
 Mathematical Humor (52)
 Mathematical Records (139)
 Mathematics in the Arts (12)
 Number Guessing (1)
 Numerology (26)
 Puzzles (46)
 Sports (11)



 Algebraic Topology (132)
 Bundles (72)
 Cohomology (13)
 General Topology (28)
 Knot Theory (18)
 Low-Dimensional Topology (2)
 Manifolds (123)
 Point-Set Topology (179)
 Spaces (119)
 Topological Invariants (5)
 Topological Operations (26)
 Topological Structures (50)
 Ambihelical Hexnut  Impossible Joinery  Poiuyt
 Angle Illusions  Impossible Torus  Ponzo's Illusion
 Benham's Wheel  Impossible Triangle  Rabbit-Duck Illusion
 Blivet  Impossible Tribar  Rotating Square Illusion
 Bullseye Illusion  Irradiation Illusion  Schouten's Staircase
 Café Wall Illusion  Jastrow Illusion  Schroeder Stairs
 Continuous Line Illusion  Kanizsa Triangle  Scintillating Grid Ill...
 Delboeuf Illusion  Morellet's Tirets Illu...  Square Illusions
 Ehrenstein Illusion  Müller-Lyer Illusion  Square-in-a-Circle Ill...
 Escher's Cube  Münsterberg Illusion  Three-Arc Illusion
 Fraser's Spiral  Necker Cube  Titchener Illusion
 Freemish Crate  Optical Illusion  Tri-Bar
 Goblet Illusion  Orbison's Illusion  Tribar
 Hering Illusion  Ouchi Illusion  Tribox
 Hermann Grid Illusion  Parallelogram Illusion  Vertical-Horizontal Il...
 Hermann-Hering Illusion  Penrose Rectangle  Wundt Area Illusion
 Illusion  Penrose Square  Wundt Illusion
 Illusory Contour Figures  Penrose Stairway  Young Girl-Old Woman I...
 Impossible Box  Penrose Triangle  Zöllner's Illusion
 Impossible Figure  Penrose Tribar  
 Impossible Fork  Poggendorff Illusion



 Biased Estimator  L-Estimate  R-Estimate
 Estimator  M-Estimate  Robust Estimation
 Estimator Bias  Maximum Likelihood  Sample Central Moment
 Expectation Value  Maximum Likelihood Est...  Sample Mean
 Expected Value  Maximum Likelihood Method  Sample Variance
 Fisher's Estimator Ine...  Point Estimator  Unbiased Estimator
 h-Statistic  Polyache  Wald's Equation
 k-Statistic  Polykay
 10  Ferrier's Prime  Perfect Square Dissection
 13th Root  Fibonacci Prime  Perrin Sequence
 196-Algorithm  Folding  Phi-Prime
 Aliquot Sequence  Gaussian Prime  Pi
 Amicable Pair  Generalized Fermat Number  Pi Continued Fraction
 Apéry's Constant  Gigantic Prime  Pi Digits
 Apéry's Constant Conti...  Gilbreath's Conjecture  Pi-Prime
 Apéry's Constant Digits  Glaisher-Kinkelin Cons...  Prime Arithmetic Progr...
 Bernoulli Number  Goldbach Conjecture  Prime Array
 Bitwin Chain  Golden Ratio Digits  Prime Counting Function
 Brocard's Problem  Golomb-Dickman Constan...  Prime Factorization Al...
 Brun's Constant  Golomb-Dickman Constan...  Prime Gaps
 Busy Beaver  Golomb Ruler  Prime-Generating Polyn...
 Carmichael Number  Hadamard Matrix  Prime Number
 Catalan's Constant Con...  Hadwiger Problem  Probable Prime
 Catalan's Constant Digits  Harmonic Number  Pythagoras's Constant...
 Champernowne Constant...  Heesch Number  Record Setting
 Champernowne Constant...  Heilbronn Triangle Pro...  Rectilinear Crossing N...
 Circle Packing  High-Water Mark  Repunit
 Collatz Problem  Home Prime  RSA Number
 Computational Number T...  Integer Sequence Primes  Ruth-Aaron Pair
 Consecutive Number Seq...  Irregular Prime  Sexy Primes
 Constant  Juggler Sequence  Smarandache Sequences
 Constant Digit Scanning  Keith Number  Smarandache-Wellin Number
 Constant Primes  Khinchin's Constant  Smith Number
 Copeland-Erdős Constan...  Khinchin's Constant Co...  Soldner's Constant Con...
 Copeland-Erdős Constan...  Khinchin's Constant Di...  Soldner's Constant Digits
 Cousin Primes  Kissing Number  Sophie Germain Prime
 Cube  Large Prime  Square Number
 Cubic Nonplanar Graph  Latin Square  Square Packing
 Cubic Number  Lehmer's Mahler Measur...  Strong Pseudoprime
 Cunningham Chain  Lucas Number  Ternary
 Cunningham Number  Lucas Prime  Thâbit ibn Kurrah Prime
 Curve of Constant Width  Mersenne Prime  Theodorus's Constant D...
 Double Mersenne Number  Mertens Conjecture  Titanic Prime
 e Continued Fraction  Mrs. Perkins's Quilt  Triangle Packing
 e Digits  Multiperfect Number  Twin Primes
 e-Prime  Natural Logarithm of 2...  Union-Closed Sets Conj...
 Earls Sequence  Natural Logarithm of 2...  Unitary Amicable Pair
 Elliptic Curve Factori...  Natural Logarithm of 1...  Wagstaff Prime
 Elliptic Curve Primali...  Natural Logarithm of 1...  Wall-Sun-Sun Prime
 Euclid Number  Near-Square Prime  Weird Number
 Euler-Mascheroni Const...  Number Field Sieve  Wieferich Prime
 Euler-Mascheroni Const...  Odd Perfect Number  Wilson Prime
 Euler Number  Out-Shuffle  Wolstenholme Prime
 Euler Prime  Palindromic Prime  
 Fermat Prime  Perfect Number


 Algebra of Random Vari...  Hazard Function  Probability
 Ancillary Statistic  Hazard Rate  Probability Axioms
 Bayes' Theorem  Homogeneous Point Process  Probability Density Fu...
 Birthday Problem  Immigrant  Probability Domain
 Bonferroni Inequalities  Independent Statistics  Probability Inequality
 Boole's Inequality  Intensity Function  Probability Measure
 Borel-Cantelli Lemma  Intensity Measure  Probability Space
 Buffon-Laplace Needle...  Interval Stationary Po...  Proofreading Mistakes
 Buffon's Needle Problem  Irrelevant Mark  Quantile Function
 Chuck-a-Luck  Kolmogorov's Axioms  Random Closed Set
 Clean Tile Problem  Likelihood  Random Scatter
 Coin Flipping  Likelihood Function  Russian Roulette
 Coin Tossing  Likelihood Theory  Saint Petersburg Paradox
 Coincidence  Log-Likelihood Function  Sample Space
 Conditional Intensity...  Marginal Probability  Score Function
 Conditional Probability  Mark Space  Self-Correcting Point...
 Counting Process  Marked Point Process  Self-Exciting Point Pr...
 Coupon Collector's Pro...  Markov's Inequality  Simple Point Process
 Crudely Stationary Poi...  Mills Ratio  Simple Stationary Poin...
 de Méré's Problem  Multidimensional Point...  Simply Stationary Poin...
 Domain  Multiplication Principle  Simpson's Paradox
 Event Space  Mutually Exclusive Events  Small World Problem
 Excitation Function  Newton-Pepys Problem  Spatial Point Process
 Exciting Function  Odds  Spatial-Temporal Point...
 Failure Rate  P-Value  Stationary Point Process
 Fermat's Principle of...  Point Probability  Statistics
 First-Order Stationary...  Point Process  Tail Probability
 Force of Mortality  Point Process Realization  Temporal Point Process
 Gambler's Ruin  Possibility Space  Total Probability Theorem
 Hawkes Process  Principle of Insuffici...  Transylvania Lottery

Algebraic Topology

 Absolute Retract  Global  Presheaf
 Abstract Simplicial Co...  Graded Module  Product Manifold
 Acyclic Chain Complex  H-Space  Quillen-Lichtenbaum Co...
 Adams' Theorem  Hereditarily Unicohere...  Reidemeister Torsion
 Algebraic Gadget  Homeomorphism Group  Relative Homotopy Group
 Algebraic K-Theory  Homologous  Retract
 Algebraic Topology  Homology Class  Retraction
 Analytic Torsion  Homotopic  Schönflies Theorem
 Band  Homotopy  Simplicial Complex
 Bordism Group  Homotopy Axiom  Simplicial Complex Link
 Cellular Approximation...  Homotopy Class  Simplicial Homology
 Cellular Map  Homotopy Equivalence  Simplicial Homomorphism
 Chain Complex Torsion  Homotopy Excision  Simplicial Map
 Chain Contraction  Homotopy Group  Simplicial Subcomplex
 Characteristic Class  Homotopy Sphere  Singular Homology
 Chern Class  Homotopy Theory  Skeleton
 Chern Number  Homotopy Type  Smale-Hirsch Theorem
 Closed Star  Hopf Invariant One The...  Souslin Set
 Combinatorial Topology  Hopf Map  Spectral Theorem
 Commutative Diagram  Hopf Trace Theorem  Stalk
 Contractibility  Hurewicz Homomorphism  Steenrod's Realization...
 Contractible  Immersion  Stiefel-Whitney Class
 Cup Product  Induced Map  Stiefel-Whitney Number
 CW-Approximation Theorem  Isotopy  Stone-Weierstrass Theorem
 CW-Complex  Jordan Curve Theorem  Strong Deformation Ret...
 Deck Transformation  K-Theory  Structurally Stable
 Deformation  Lefschetz Number  Suslin's Theorem
 Deformation Retract  Lichtenbaum-Quillen Co...  Suspension
 Deformation Theory  Lift  Taniyama-Shimura Conje...
 Del Bar Torsion  Lifting Problem  Topological Entropy
 Euler Number  Locally Finite Complex  Topological Group
 Extension Problem  Loop Space  Topologically Conjugate
 Fiber Space  Machine  Tubular Neighborhood
 Five Lemma  Milnor's Theorem  Underlying Space
 Four Lemma  Modularity Theorem  Universal Cover
 Free  Morse Function  van Kampen's Theorem
 Freudenthal Suspension...  Morse Theory  Vertex Scheme
 Fundamental Class  Nerve  Vertex Set
 Fundamental Group  Obstruction  Weak Equivalence
 Fundamental Groupoid  Orientable Manifold  Whitehead's Theorem
 Gadget  Pontryagin Class  Whitehead Torsion
 Geometric Realization  Pontryagin Duality  Whitney-Graustein Theorem
 Geometric Topology  Pontryagin Number  Whitney Sum
 Gerbe  Postnikov System  Wild Point



 Abstract Manifold  Equivariant Cohomology  Poincaré Duality
 Ahlfors-Bers Theorem  Exotic Cohomology  Poincaré-Hopf Index Th...
 Algebraic Manifold  Flag Manifold  Poincaré Manifold
 Ambient Isotopy  Flat Manifold  Poisson Manifold
 Analytic Torsion  Freedman Theorem  Prime Manifold
 Antipodal Map  Generalized Reeb Compo...  Pseudo-Riemannian Mani...
 Atiyah-Singer Index Th...  Grassmann Manifold  Pseudo-Riemannian Metric
 Atlas  Grassmannian  Quaternion Kähler Mani...
 Axiom A Diffeomorphism  Group Cohomology  Real Manifold
 Baire Category Theorem  h-Cobordism  Reeb Component
 Baire Space  h-Cobordism Theorem  Reebless
 Beltrami Field  Harmonic Map  Regge Calculus
 Berger-Kazdan Comparis...  Hodge Star  Reidemeister Torsion
 Bergman Space  Hodge's Theorem  Riemann Sphere
 Besov Space  Hyper-Kähler Manifold  Riemannian Geometry
 Bing's Theorem  Index Theory  Riemannian Manifold
 Blaschke Conjecture  Intrinsic Tangent Space  Riemannian Metric
 Bordism  Jaco-Shalen-Johannson...  Seiberg-Witten Equations
 Brouwer Degree  Kähler Manifold  Smale Theorem
 Calabi-Yau Space  Kähler Metric  Smooth Manifold
 Calibrated Manifold  Kähler Structure  Smooth Structure
 Campbell's Theorem  Kirby-Siebenmann Invar...  Stallings-Zeeman Theorem
 Cellular Space  Koenigs-Poincaré Theorem  Stiefel Manifold
 Chart Tangent Space  Lens Space  Stokes' Theorem
 Cheeger's Finiteness T...  Lichnerowicz Formula  Stratified Manifold
 Closed Graph Theorem  Lichnerowicz-Weitzenbo...  Submanifold
 Closed Manifold  Manifold  Submanifold Tangent Space
 Closing Lemma  Manifold Orientation  Submersion
 Cobordant Manifold  Manifold Tangent Vector  Suture
 Cohomology  Manifold with Boundary  Sutured Manifold
 Cohomotopy Group  Map Degree  Symplectic Manifold
 Compact Manifold  Marcus's Theorem  Taut Foliation
 Complex Manifold  Morse Inequalities  Topological Manifold
 Connected Sum Decompos...  Nash's Embedding Theorem  Transition Function
 Connex  Nice Orbit  Transversal Intersection
 Coordinate Chart  Nice Vector Field  Transversely Orientabl...
 Diffeomorphic  Open Manifold  Trivialization
 Diffeomorphism  Parallel Transport  Two-Form
 Differential k-Form  Partition of Unity  Whitehead Manifold
 Donaldson Invariants  Poincaré Conjecture  Whitehead Torsion
 Donaldson Theory  Poincaré Dodecahedral...  Zero-Form


 3n+1 Problem  Graham-Pollak Sequence  Monotone Convergence T...
 3x+1 Mapping  Grid Shading Problem  Nonarithmetic Progress...
 196-Algorithm  Hailstone Number  Nonaveraging Sequence
 A-Sequence  Hansen Chain  Nondividing Set
 Absolute Monotonic Seq...  Hansen Number  Odd Sequence
 Absolutely Monotonic S...  Hofstadter-Conway $10,...  Perfect Difference Set
 Addition Chain  Hofstadter Figure-Figu...  Periodic Sequence
 Artistic Sequence  Hofstadter G-Sequence  Perrin Sequence
 Associative Array  Hofstadter H-Sequence  Polynomial Sequence
 Automatic Set  Hofstadter Male-Female...  Positive Definite Sequ...
 B_2-Sequence  Hofstadter's Q-Sequence  Primefree Sequence
 Banach Density  Hofstadter Sequences  Primitive Sequence
 Beatty Sequence  Increasing Sequence  Recamán's Sequence
 Berlekamp-Massey Algor...  Infinitive Sequence  Reeds-Sloane Algorithm
 Binary Plot  Integer Sequence  s-Additive Sequence
 Binet Forms  Integer Sequence Primes  Sally Sequence
 Binomial Transform  Irrationality Sequence  Scholz-Brauer Conjecture
 Borwein Integrals  Iterated Run-Length En...  Scholz Conjecture
 Brauer Chain  Iteration Sequence  Self-Counting Sequence
 Brauer Number  Joyce Sequence  Sequence
 Brauer-Scholz Conjecture  Juggler Sequence  Sequence Density
 Brown's Criterion  Klarner-Rado Sequence  Sequence Dispersion
 Carmichael Sequence  Kolakoski Sequence  Signature Sequence
 Casoratian  Legendre Transform  Silverman's Sequence
 Cauchy-Davenport Theorem  Lehmer Number  Smarandache Sequences
 Cauchy Sequence  Lehmer's Number  Spectrum Sequence
 Chi Inequality  Levine-O'Sullivan Gree...  Steffensen Sequence
 Collatz Problem  Levine-O'Sullivan Sequ...  Stern's Diatomic Series
 Common Difference  Limit Inferior  Stirling Transform
 Common Ratio  Limit Superior  Strongly Independent
 Complete Sequence  Linearly Dependent Seq...  Sturmian Sequence
 Connell Sequence  Linus Sequence  Subsequence
 Convergent Sequence  Logarithmic Transform  Sum-Free Set
 Conway Sequence  Logarithmically Concav...  Sumset
 Davenport-Schinzel Seq...  Logarithmically Concav...  Supremum Limit
 Decreasing Sequence  Longest Increasing Sca...  Suzanne Set
 Double-Free Set  Longest Increasing Sub...  Sylvester Cyclotomic N...
 EKG Sequence  Lower-Trimmed Subsequence  Szemerédi's Theorem
 Equidistributed Sequence  Lucas Chain  Tangent Number
 Erdős-Szekeres Theorem  Lucas Sequence  Triple-Free Set
 Erdős-Turán Conjecture  Lychrel Number  U-Number
 Erdős-Turán Discrepanc...  Majorization  Ulam Number
 Euler Transform  Mallows' Sequence  Ulam's Problem
 Eventually  Markov Spectrum  Ulam Sequence
 Eventually Periodic  Max Sequence  Unimodal Sequence
 Exponential Transform  Maximal Sum-Free Set  Upper-Trimmed Subsequence
 Fibonacci Dual Theorem  Maximal Zero-Sum-Free Set  van der Corput's Theorem
 Fractal Sequence  Melodic Sequence  Weakly Complete Sequence
 Geometric Sequence  Mex Sequence  Weakly Independent
 Geometric Triple  Mian-Chowla Sequence  Weyl's Criterion
 Giuga Sequence  Möbius Transform  Wolfram Sequences


Adınız :
E-Mail :
Başlık :
Yorumunuz :
Güvenlik :
Toplam 0 yorum. Tüm yorumları okumak için tıklayın.
Diğer AKADEMİ haberleri
Arşiv Arama
- -